Excerpt: “In 2010, Congress enacted calorie and nutrition labeling standards for chain restaurants and similar retail food establishments with twenty or more locations, which included a federal preemption provision. Congress recognized the need to replace the patchwork of state regulations in order to improve the ability of restaurants and similar retail food establishments to provide meaningful information to consumers regarding the nutritional content of the food they consume. The federal preemption provision is clear: states, cities, and other local governments only have the power to pass or implement nutrition-labeling requirements that are the same as the federal requirements, and may only pass or implement different requirements if they request and obtain specific permission from FDA. This includes the effective and compliance dates of the requirements.”
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